Review of the Fate of Enteroviruses and Indicator Organisms across Wastewater Treatment Processes
Several wastewater treatment works were monitored to assess their performance in removing enteroviruses, coliforms, faecal streptococci and F+ coliphage across primary and secondary treatment processes. The processes selected were: activated sludge, biologically aerated flooded filters (BAFF), chemically assisted primary settlement (CAS) and oxidation ditch. The main findings were: · The operation and performance of a given process was probably site specific. · BAFF was potentially less effective than others in removing enteroviruses. · More enterovirus data were needed before firm conclusions on process performance can be made.
Customers who bought this report also bought...
There is a growing perception that increasingly complex regulations are driving unsustainable outcomes across the water industry. This study reviews the existing economic and environmental regulatory regimes within the contex... More...Price: £200 Add to basket
Laboratory and field investigations examined sewage effluent impact on microbiological shellfish hygiene parameters (faecal indicator organisms). Shellfish types examined were: wild mussels ( Mytilus edulis ) (all inve... More...Price: £50 Add to basket
Monitoring data collected for various purposes from 1986 to 1999, from 6 different sources and 22 bathing waters, were analysed to assess the relationships between enteroviruses and salmonella, and indicator bacteria (total c... More...Price: £100 Add to basket
Evaluation of T90 Decay Rates for a Range of Micro-organisms Indicative of Sewage Contamination: Phase I - A Review of Documented Historical Laboratory-Based Studies and Field Applications04/WW/11/9 - ISBN: 1 84057 353 8
The study aims to describe the decline of microbial indicator organisms and enteroviruses in water under natural conditions in which all relevant variables, in particular solar radiation, are either measured or controlled. Th... More...Price: £100 Add to basket
The study reviewed methods for evaluating decay rates (T90s) for enteroviruses and the faecal indicator organisms and developed an experimental design to quantify T90s in the marine and freshwater environment. Numerous stu... More...Price: £100 Add to basket